Halitosis, often known as bad breath, is the presence of foul-smelling breath. Most of the time, unpleasant smells are caused by bacteria on the tongue or teeth. Although halitosis is a minor health issue, it can cause stress and be a social disadvantage.
Bad Breath Causes
The majority of cases of bad breath are generated by the mouth itself and can be caused by: Certain meals containing oils that emit a specific odor, such as garlic, onions, or certain spices. Once digested, these meals are converted into potentially odorous components that enter the circulation and go to the lungs, where they are the cause of odorous breath until they are removed from the body.
Poor oral hygiene: When oral hygiene is inadequate, bacteria colonize food particles between the teeth or between the gum and the teeth, emitting foul-smelling sulfur-based compounds. The tongue’s uneven tiny surface can potentially store food particles and odor-causing germs.
A cavity or periodontal disease is a dental infection (gum infection or abscess or periodontitis).
a parched mouth (xerostomia or hyposialia). Saliva functions as a natural mouthwash. It includes antibacterial chemicals that kill the germs and particles that cause foul breath. Saliva production reduces during night, which contributes to morning breath.
Consumption of alcoholic beverages, breathing via the mouth rather than the nose, and salivary gland problems
Products containing tobacco. Tobacco dries out the mouth, and smokers are more likely to develop dental problems, which causes halitosis.
Hormones. High hormone levels during ovulation and pregnancy promote the formation of plaque, which, when colonized by bacteria, can result in foul-smelling breath.
Halitosis can occasionally be a sign of a more significant health condition, such as:
Respiratory illnesses An infection of the sinuses or throat (tonsillitis) can result in excessive mucus production, resulting in bad breath.
Bad breath can be caused by some malignancies or metabolic issues.
GERD is an abbreviation for gastroesophageal reflux disease.
Failure of the kidneys or the liver.
Antihistamines and decongestants, as well as medicines used to treat high blood pressure, urinary diseases, or psychiatric issues (antidepressants, antipsychotics), might contribute to foul breath by drying out the mouth.
Unpleasant odor on one’s breath.
Many people are unaware that they have terrible breath because the cells that control the sense of smell grow hypersensitive to the continual discharge of foul odor.
People in danger
People who suffer from persistent dry mouth.
Senior citizens (who frequently have reduced saliva).