Dental cavities (also known as caries) are areas on our teeth where germs have gathered and started the deterioration process. Cavities are the most common issue that dentists deal with.
Cavities start as little holes on the top of a tooth, but if left untreated, they can rot all the way down to the root. Bacteria and plaque thrive on rough surfaces; thus they should be avoided.
When dental decay is detected early on, it is typically simple to cure.
When you consume sweets, drink hot or cold beverages, or bite down hard on the decaying tooth, the decay can form a hole large enough to cause significant discomfort if left untreated. Cavities can eventually ruin a tooth.
A severe discomfort when eating or drinking is a common indication of advanced decay. The decaying region of a tooth might get infected in some situations. Infections can cause excruciating discomfort, making it impossible to work or sleep.
Your best option for preventing or reducing cavities is to get regular dental exams and maintain proper oral hygiene. Regular checks (for most individuals, twice a year) can detect issues early on, when treatment is easier, less expensive, and typically performed with minimal discomfort.
Fluoride is a mineral that hardens the surface of teeth and is essential for cavity prevention. Fluoride is present in many municipal water sources (either occurring naturally or added).
Fluoride is particularly beneficial to children and teenagers, although it can benefit adults of all ages. Your dentist will be able to tell you how much fluoride you need to protect your teeth.
Your dentist will give fluoride treatments in the office if you do not have access to fluoride in your drinking water or if the levels are below the recommended minimum. Fluoride toothpaste and mouthwash may also be recommended by your dentist.
Cavity prevention is preferable than cavity therapy, as it is with other health concerns:
Follow these fundamental oral health practices to prevent or minimize the frequency and severity of cavities:
-Exams and cleanings should be scheduled with your dentist on a regular basis.
-Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss once a day.
-Avoid sweet foods and snacks, particularly those that get stuck between your teeth.
-Avoid sugary soft drinks as well as a variety of so-called energy drinks.
-A diet that is healthy for your general health is usually good for your teeth as well.
If you have a cavity, he will make an appointment for you to get it filled. Repairing simple cavities generally takes less than an hour.
To alleviate the pain, the dentist will inject a numbing agent into the gums surrounding the decaying tooth. These current medicines, unlike previous treatments, are highly effective, and the numbing sensation does not remain long after the surgery.