Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in Turkey


Oral, dental and maxillofacial surgery is a type of treatment applied to heal diseases, injuries and disorders that concern both functional and aesthetic aspects of all soft tissues (tongue, cheek, lips, salivary glands, etc.) in the mouth, jaw and face areas in individuals of all ages.

Jaw surgery includes many treatments related to oral and dental health such as tooth extraction, impacted tooth operation, implant, jaw fracture treatment, detection and treatment of jaw tumours, abscesses and cysts, arrangement of tissues before prosthesis and orthodontic treatment. The medical and aesthetic treatment of all kinds of hereditary or subsequent pathological problems in the jaw, mouth and face area is evaluated in oral dentistry and surgery. Surgical procedures planned according to the procedure to be performed and the condition of the patient are performed under local anaesthesia, conscious sedation or general anaesthesia.

Oral Diagnosis (Initial Examination)

Oral diagnosis (first examination) literally means intraoral diagnosis. In order to have a healthy mouth and teeth and to plan the treatment you need correctly, it is necessary to pass the first examination. With the first examination of the oral diagnosis, the diagnosis is made to the patient and it is decided which treatments should be performed first according to this diagnosis. In order to establish the diagnosis, the following procedures are performed in the first examination;

  • Digital Panoramic Radiography
  • Periapical Radiographs
  • Digital Radiographs (RVG)
  • Computed Tomography (CT, CT)

Jaw Joint Diseases

Jaw joint diseases are disorders seen in the jaw joint and surrounding soft tissues that connect the lower jaw and upper jaw. If left untreated, it can cause serious symptoms. Jaw joint disorders can be due to many reasons and can cause many diseases. These diseases;

  • Noise from the chin while eating
  • Locking or snagging in the jaw
  • Pain
  • Limitation in mouth opening

The earlier the treatment is started, the more successful the treatment will be.

20 Years Teeth

Wisdom teeth are teeth that erupt between the ages of 17 and 25 in the back of the jaw. Wisdom teeth that are embedded in the bone must be extracted in order to tighten the other teeth in the jaw and prevent possible infection in the mouth. These reasons,

  • Bruised
  • Gum Disease (Pericoronitis)
  • Orthodontic Causes
  • Cyst Formation

Impacted Teeth

Teeth that remain under the jawbone as a result of not coming out where they should be in the mouth are called impacted teeth. Canines, premolars, lateral incisors and wisdom teeth may remain embedded in the mouth. There are many reasons why teeth remain impacted. These;

  • Because the jawbone of prematurely lost milk teeth cannot develop sufficiently, space is limited. Thus, the tooth remains embedded.
  • After the early loss of the primary tooth, the adjacent teeth shift.
  • If the cavities in the mouth are not treated during growth and development, the tooth may come out crooked or remain embedded in the jaw.
  • If the anatomical width of the jaw is less than the width of the existing teeth, some teeth remain impacted or cause crookedness.

Bruxism (Teeth Clenching)

Bruxism, also known as clenching, is the condition in which a person clenches and grinds their teeth and involuntarily rubbing their lower teeth on their upper teeth. Although there is no definite cause of teeth grinding, genetic, physical and psychological factors cause teeth grinding. For these reasons, the treatment of clenching also varies. These changes;

  • Night records
  • Tens applications
  • Muscle relaxants
  • It covers treatments such as psychotherapy.

Jaw Cysts

The cyst can be defined as a fluid-filled formation that is structurally membrane-like, localized in soft tissue and bone, and surrounded by a cavity. Although they are in different parts of the body, they are most common in the chin area. Cysts occur when the dental lamina in the jaws or the remnants of the enamel organ of the tooth proliferate.

Causes of jaw cysts:

  • Tooth or gingival problems
  • Discharge into the mouth
  • Bad taste and odour
  • Painless swellings in the jaw or around the teeth

Laser Dentistry

Successful results are obtained when laser applications in dentistry are applied together with classical methods. The laser beams used for treatment are applied by the dentist only in the problem area and solve the problem in the tooth.

  • Most of the time, no injection is needed because anaesthesia is not needed,
  • Bleeding does not occur in gingival operations.
  • Sensitivity and pain do not occur after the treatments.
  • Faster recovery is achieved.