Over 4 million people are now receiving orthodontic treatment, with a quarter of them being adults.Orthodontic therapy is much more than simply looks. Alignment and bite issues can have an influence on dental health, gum health, joint discomfort, and, in severe situations, digestive and general health issues.
It is never too late to adjust the position of the teeth or jaws if orthodontic treatment is wanted or being explored. If you’ve decided to see an orthodontist or are considering it, the following information can help you along the way.
How does orthodontics work to straighten teeth?
Orthodontics, by enhancing the smile by tooth relocation, will lay a strong and healthy foundation for optimal oral health, including the jaws, teeth, and gums. This is achieved by giving gentle, constant pressure to the teeth in order to shift them into the proper position.
This continuous pressure will result in a process known as “bone remodeling.” What is the point of a bone? The ability of the tooth to move slowly is due to the continual remodeling of the bone in which it is positioned.
The periodontal ligament holds the teeth securely to the underlying bone.
Pressure is delivered to the tooth via an orthodontic appliance (braces, aligners, etc.), which is subsequently transferred to the bone, which interprets this pressure as a remodeling signal and causes the tooth to shift.
This process also occurs naturally without orthodontic intervention, which is why we may see a development of a person’s tooth position throughout their lives.
However, bone remodeling is a time-consuming process that is affected by numerous factors, including bone density and the patient’s age.
What kinds of issues can orthodontics help with?
We’ll go through the issues that orthodontics can help you prevent, alleviate, or rectify.
In many situations, several issues are addressed during therapy; in fact, when a malocclusion (dental malposition) develops, secondary issues emerge, putting the patient’s oral and dental health at danger.
In the event of crowding, for example, some tooth surfaces may become difficult to access when brushing, increasing plaque collection and the emergence of carious or periodontal issues.
The most common malocclusions that may be rectified with orthodontic treatment are as follows:
The lower (mandibular) teeth are outside the higher (maxillary) teeth in an inverted occlusion.
- Crowding in the mouth
- The inter-incisal gaps are not aligned.
- The gap: the front teeth do not contact each other Excessive overlap: the maxillary teeth cover the mandibular teeth too much (diastemas)
- Tooth positions that are “too far forward”
When does orthodontic treatment become necessary?
When to begin therapy is determined by the type of issue, age, and motivation.
However, it is always a good idea to contact an orthodontist to obtain expert guidance and information.