You may wash your teeth several times a day and see the dentist once a year for a check-up, yet you have one or more yellow teeth… Yellowing of the teeth is generally not dangerous, but it is humiliating and may rapidly ruin a good smile.
But what can be done about discolored teeth?
The answer is dependent on the reason of the yellowing. Indeed, if the staining of the teeth is caused by internal factors (particularly pathological or medicinal factors), the therapy will be different than if the staining is caused by exterior sources (tobacco, hygiene, food, etc).
It is also critical to determine the cause of the dyschromia (change in tooth color) before proceeding with therapy.
The reasons of yellow teeth
Although it affects a large number of individuals, the problem of yellow teeth entails a variety of difficulties. Discoloration can be classified into two types:
- When teeth are naturally yellow, this is referred to as intrinsic staining.
- Extrinsic discolouration occurs as a result of a change in the color of the enamel or dentin surface.
Yellow teeth’s interior causes
The first form of discolouration is definitely the least common, as well as the most difficult to cure. It can have a pathological cause, such as congenital porphyria or newborn jaundice, or a pharmaceutical one, such as the use of tetracycline (antibiotic) throughout childhood, excessive fluoride ingestion, or the use of ciprofloxacin (bactericide). It is also crucial to understand that the color of the teeth has a hereditary component.
Yellow teeth can be caused by external factors.
In most situations, teeth become yellow as a result of interaction with specific items. When dental hygiene is not immaculate, the staining particles of these items adhere to the surface of the teeth, producing discoloration.
The following items can discolor teeth and belong to many major families:
- Medications, particularly chlorhexidine;
- Chemicals, particularly mercury, nicotine, and tobacco; foods, particularly tea, coffee, licorice, wine, sodas, and red fruits.
Solutions for yellow teeth
- If the source of the dyschromia is extrinsic, it is apparent that the product(s) in issue, particularly cigarettes and coffee, must be avoided. Then, a therapy to restore the brightness of the teeth might be explored.
- Today, you may get your teeth whitened at the dentist or at home using a whitening kit.
- Dentist-Assisted Tooth Whitening
There are three techniques to whiten your teeth at the dentist if you are considering a procedure to lighten the color of your teeth:
- Outpatient treatment: the dental surgeon creates a custom-made tray for the patient and provides him or her with syringes containing the whitening solution. The patient must then put the product on the tray and wear it for several hours each day. Depending on the dosage of the lightening substance, this treatment might last from 8 to 15 days.
- Chairside treatment: this method is used at a dentist’s office. The practitioner must first cover the gums before applying a hydrogen peroxide-rich lightening solution to the teeth for roughly an hour.
- Mixed therapy: As the name implies, this approach combines ambulatory treatment, in which the patient wears a tray impregnated with lightening substance at home, and office treatment.